Programming basics

09 Feb 2022 - nicolas

Life is simple, so is computer programming.


The most important key: naming.

Set a convention then stick to it in your project.

For instance, here is what I do:

Functions names begin with a verb then a complement:

function verbComplement() {
    // Your logic
function isValid(myFunctionParameters) {
    // Your logic

Boolean variables also start with a verb:

$isValid = true;
$hasTags = true;
$isProgrammingAwesome = true;

Dates have a suffix At:

$createdAt = (new DateTimeImmutable());
$updatedAt = (new DateTimeImmutable());
$deletedAt = (new DateTimeImmutable());

Follow SOLID acronym

SOLID stands for:

Single responsibility principle

A class should have one and only one reason to change, meaning that a class should have only one job.

Open/Closed principle

Objects or entities should be open for extension but closed for modification.

Liskov substitution principle

Let q(x) be a property provable about objects of x of type T. Then q(y) should be provable for objects y of type S where S is a subtype of T.

Interface segregation principle

A client should never be forced to implement an interface that it doesn’t use, or clients shouldn’t be forced to depend on methods they do not use.

Dependency inversion principle

Entities must depend on abstractions, not on concretions. It states that the high-level module must not depend on the low-level module, but they should depend on abstractions.

source: Digital Ocean post

At least, if you apply the S, it will be a huge improvement.

Clear the path

In if conditions, instead of using else statements, we can avoid each states that are unwanted like so:

public function handleRedApples(Basket $fruitBasket): void
    if ($fruitBasket->isEmpty()) {
        throw new RuntimeException("Basket {$fruitBasket->getId()} is empty.");

    $errors = [];

    array_map(function ($fruit) use ($errors) {
        if ('apple' !== $fruit->getVariety()) {
            $errors[] = "{$fruit->getVariety()} is not an apple.";

        if ('red' !== $fruit->getColor()) {
            $errors[] = "{$fruit->getColor()} is not red.";

    }, $fruitBasket->getFruits());

    if ([] !== $errors) {
        throw new RuntimeException(json_encode($errors));